Heart of the Teachings

Essentials of Buddhism

Core Concepts


The workings of the mind are examined with great precision in these teachings of the Buddha that originated in India over 2000 years back. However, the way to freedom lies not in a scholarly study of these teachings, but instead in practicing meditation and mindfulness. The reality of suffering draws many to Buddha’s teachings; the teachings are not about suffering though. Instead they are about ultimate freedom, and the exuberance that this freedom is accessible to all. Strive to be a Buddha, not a Buddhist!

Four Noble Truths

  1. Suffering exists
    2. Suffering arises from attachment to desires
    3. Suffering ceases when attachment to desire ceases
    4. Freedom from suffering is possible by practicing the Eightfold Path

Three Characteristics of Existence

1. Transiency (anicca)
2. Sorrow (dukkha)
3. Selflessness (anatta)


Unwholesome mental states that impede progress towards enlightenment.
1. Sensuous lust
2. Aversion and ill will
3. Sloth and torpor
4. Restlessness and worry
5. Sceptical doubt

Factors of Enlightenment

1. Mindfulness
2. Investigation
3. Energy
4. Rapture
5. Tranquillity
6. Concentration
7. Equanimity


The Way

Noble Eightfold Path

Three Qualities

The eightfold path is grouped by qualities below:



1. Right View

2. Right Thought


3. Right Speech

4. Right Action

5. Right Livelihood


6. Right Effort

7. Right Mindfulness

8. Right Contemplation